Why are toilets important for refugee’s people?
This latrine in East Africa, Kenya, Uganda, south Sudan, Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi, has no running water or electricity. The human waste falls directly into the seawater below, near the rivers and town which many people use to bathe.
Together with clean water and good hygiene, toilets keep people safe and healthy. For students like Viola, that means she can stay in school and focus on her future.
It’s easy to take a simple toilet for granted.
But imagine if you didn't have one at home or at school, or even in hospital. What would you do?
Not having a decent toilet is dangerous for so many reasons. It means there's nowhere to treat or manage human waste properly, so germs get into water sources and food, spreading diseases like diarrhoea and cholera. It means people have to go to the loo outside, which is especially unsafe for women and children. And it means people stop going to work and school if they're poorly, or on their period.
How many people don't have a toilet?
The facts can look stark: 1.5 billion people in the world, one in four, do not have a covered toilet of their own.